Volume in the right areas on a man or woman’s face can make one look younger and/or beautiful. In other areas, such as the jowl or lower cheek, it can make on look older or overweight. The redistribution of fat in one’s face is truly an art, since it essentially can reshape entire faces from an aged or imbalanced configuration to youthful and balanced.
In some people, there is a preponderance of fat in the buccal space, located just lateral to the corner of the mouth. This pudginess is often referred to “chuby cheeks” or “chipmunk cheeks”. The buccal lipectomy procedure, especially when combined with facial fat transfer, can powerfully reshape the face into a younger or more attractive image by slimming this area of the face. Doing so also generates more prominence of the cheek bone to create more angular facial features such as those seen in the beautiful young men and women that grace fashion runways.
Anatomy of the Buccal Space
The buccal space contains a fat pad called “Bichat’s fat pad”, and is located between several facial muscles. It also surrounds the parotid duct, which is an exit for secretions into the mouth that aid in eating.
It is important to not confuse the buccal fat pad with either the malar fat pad which sits above the buccal space and jowls which sit below the buccal space. All three of these areas of the face are important regions to address when contouring the face, but they all play different roles in facial aesthetics.
The malar fat pad contributes to the high cheeks that are deemed youthful. The malar pads deflate and fall with age. Many face lift techniques serve to lift this pad, but even lifting almost always does not completely restore prior youth. The addition of fat to the malar with or without lift will greatly reverse the signs of aging. With a buccal lipectomy, the molar fat pad and cheek bone become more pronounced. Thus, subtracting from the buccal space and adding to the malar can synergistically improve the appearance and balance the face.
Jowls are a dreaded sign of aging. Jowls represent the descent of fat and skin below the jawline along with the loss of volume along the mandible. Buccal lipectomy does not influence this region. Jowl correction can be performed with conservative liposuction of the jowl, face lift, thread lift, or fillers.
The Buccal Lipectomy Procedure
A buccal lipectomy can be performed under local or general anesthesia is most often combined with other facial remodeling procedures such as rhinoplasty, chin augmentation, and facial fat transfer.
Local anesthesia is injected into the mucosa inside the mouth where the tissue will be incised. The incision will run approximately 1.0 to 1.5 cm just above and behind the parotid duct. The buccal space will be entered bluntly with an instrument to spread tissue. The encapsulated buccal fat pat once identified will be freed up from the encapsulation of tissue and gently removed through the incision. No sharp instruments enter the buccal space to ensure no nerve or duct injury. The amount of fat removed depends on the desired outcome. Of note, generally not all of the fat is removed. The removal of too much fat can hollow one out. The procedure lasts anywhere from fifteen minutes to forty minutes.
Once the fat is removed, the incision is closed with a dissolvable stitch. No external dressings
Recovery After Buccal Fat Removal Surgery
There is some swelling that can persist for a few weeks following a buccal lipectomy. The final result may not be apparent for six weeks. For three days following the procedure, patients should eat only soft foods and rinse their mouth with antiseptic two to three times a day.
The stitches inside the mouth will dissolve within a few weeks. On rare occasion, swelling may cause temporary blockage of the parotid duct and lead to swelling. Less common that this is infection. Nerve injury and duct injury in experienced hands is exceptionally uncommon using the techniques described here.